ETHNOFLORENCE N 867
FURER HAIMENDORF FILM COLLECTION
Nepal, Jumla district, 1966. B&W, silent
Intorno al minuto 6 rituale condotto da alcuni Dhami.
Probabilmente per propiziare la partenza di alcuni militari inquadrati nelle sequenze successive.
Benedizione delle vittime sacrificali.
Seguito intorno al minuto 8 dal rituale di sacrificio di alcuni animali intorno al palo in legno preposto e ritualizzato per questo scopo attraverso la loro decapitazione.
Pali di questa tipologia con uno o due fori nel corpo non sono infrequenti per questo motivo nello spazio antistante piccoli e grandi templi votivi.
Environ 6 minutes rituelles menées par certains Dhami.
Susceptibles d'apaiser le départ de certains militaires classifiés dans les séquences suivantes.
Bénédiction des victimes sacrificielles.
Après environ 8 minutes du sacrifice rituel de certains animaux à travers le poteau en bois en charge et ritualisée à cet effet par leur décapitation.
Pôles de ce type avec un ou deux trous dans le corps ne sont pas rares pour cette raison dans l'espace extérieur petits et grands votive.
Around 6th minutes ritual conducted by some Dhami.
Likely to propitiate the departure of some military classified in subsequent sequences.
Blessing of sacrificial victims.
Following around 8th minute from the ritual sacrifice of some animals around the wooden pole in charge and ritualized for this purpose through their beheading.
Poles of this type with one or two holes in the body are not uncommon for this reason in the space outside small and great votive.
PHOTO OF THE DAY
NEW YEAR FESTIVAL 2008
PHOTO CREDIT OF ERIC CHAZOT
Oracles and Demons of Ladakh
Isolated in the Indian Himalayas, Ladakh is a western enclave of the Greater Tibetan Plateau untouched by Chinese occupation. Home to each of the four sects of Tibetan Buddhism, this vibrant land of high mountain passes is believed to have direct discourse with spirits from the old lands of Tibet.
Human mediums for these spirits, or "Oracles" as Ladakhis call them, play an integral role in the culture of the area.
They are called upon to divine the future, cure bodily diseases and ward off harmful entities that haunt the land from the mountains. Shot onsite in Jammu and Kashmir, the chronicle follows the tales of several of these shamanic figures across the high-altitude deserts of Ladakh. Narrated by leading authorities on Tibet, the film considers how Oracle practices such as spirit possession, ritual healing, soothsaying and exorcism remain fundamental folk traditions in Tibetan societies to this day.
The film features interviews with an array of experts, including: Eric Margolis, Laurent Pordié, Geoffrey Samuel, Robert A.F. Thurman, an assortment of highly respected Rinpoches, as well as the Dalai Lama's own Nechung Oracle.
dance and trance
(Photo courtesy of Chris Lombardi)
First noted by Tucci and Snellgrove the
MASTA ARE THE MOST WELL KNOWN GODS OF JUMLA
linked with the
AVATAR LINE DEVTA
or incarnating gods, the oracular religion associated with
The primary sources of information about the gods individual life and histories is the
recited by the
during the God's possession.
THE PARELIS ARE THE GOD'S AUTOBIOGRAPHIES.
Collectively the Masta gods are always spoken of as the
collapses at the end of his trance dance and is carried back to the shaman hut by villagers.
twelve is a 'nombre ideal plutot que reel'
Despite most Jumlis are unable to list more than five or six Bara Bhai, a compilation of all the lists collected
different sholars results in 33 different Masta names, 14 of which are reported by more than one sources (Campbell ).
THE FIRST AND MORE COMMON SOURCE OF THE MASTA'S NAME IS THE NAME OF THE VILLAGE IN WHICH ITS PRINCIPAL SHRINE IS LOCATED.
IN ALMOST EVERY CASE THE NAME HAS A SEMANTIC MEANING DESCRIPTIVE OF THE GOD.
A low caste shaman
the ultimate gesture of submission to a high caste shaman as he invokes the gods before a ritual trance dance.
ACCORDING GABORIEAU THE DIFFERENTIATION OF THE MASTA GODS ON THE BASIS OF THE LOCATION OF THEIR MAIN SHRINES SUGGESTS
THAT MASTA IS ONE GOD WHOSE INCARNATION IN DIFFERENT VILLAGES AND DIFFERENT FORMS ARE IDEALLY REFERRED TO AS TWELVE
BROTHERS; TO OTHER IT SEEMS TO INDICATE THAT MASTA IS A COLLECTION OF A NUMBER OF VILLAGE GODS WHOSE ORIGINS AND NATURES
HAVE CONVERGED OVER THE YEARS.
COMMON FEATURES SUPPORT AT LEAST THE PARTIAL IDENTITY OF THE VARIOUS SEPARATE INCARNATIONS. These common features are found in the similarity with which the shrines are organized, the regular worship performed, in the origin stories and life-histories recounted by each brother in his PARELI
in trance during a celebration marking
the beginning of Dashain, the month-long Hindu high holiday.
(Photo Chris Lombardi)
Fondation Bernard et Caroline de Watteville
(Photo Credit Le Temps)
MUSEE DU QUAI
Népal 19e siècle.
2003 © musée du quai Branly,
Photo Thomas Duval
2003 © musée du quai Branly, Photo Thomas Duval
Masque de danse, personnage masculin. Bois à patine brune. Népal, 19e siècle Donateur Marc Petit, 2003 © musée du quai Branly