30/12/2011

MALAYANS DEVIL DANCERS CASTE OF EXORCISTS in CASTES AND TRIBES OF SOUTHERN INDIA EDGAR THURSTON 1909 INDIA TRIBAL ART

 

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CASTES AND TRIBES
OF
SOUTHERN INDIA

BY
EDGAR THURSTON

GOVERNMENT PRESS

MADRAS

1909

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INDIA INDIAN INDIA MASK INDIA TRIBAL ART.jpg

The Malayans are a makkathayam caste, found in North Malabar, their name, signifying hill-men,
They are divided into nine exogamous illams, five of which have the names Kotukudi, Velupa,
Cheni, Palankudi, and Kalliath.

The men do not shave their heads, but allow the hair to grow long, and either part it in the middle,
or tie it into a knot behind, like the castes of the east coast, or tie it in a knot in front in
the genuine Malayali fashion.

THE PRINCIPAL OCCUPATION OF THE CASTE IS THE EXORCISM, WHICH THEY PERFORM BY VARIOUS METHODS.

If any one is considered to be possessed by demons, it is usual, after consulting the astrologer
in order to detect what MURTI or demon is causing the trouble, to call in the Malayan, who performs
a ceremony known as TIYATTAM , in which they WEAR MASKS, and, so disguised, sing, dance, tom-tom, and
play on a rude and strident pipe.

Like the Nalkes and Paravas of South Canara, the Malayans exorcise various kinds of devils, with appropriate
disguises.

The exorcism consists in drawing complicated designs of squares, circles, and triangles, on the ground with white,
black, and yellow flour. While the man who has assumed the disguise dances about to the accompaniment of drums,
songs are sung by Malayan men and women.

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INDIAN FOLK AND TRIBAL ARTS BIBLIOGRAPHY

Journal Articles

1 Kochar, V K
A note on some Drawings by Onge of Little Andaman.
BULLETEIN OF THE CULTURAL RESEARCH INSTITUTE, 4(1-2),
1965: 25-26
Tribes; Tribes-Onge; Tribal Drawing Art-Onge; Onge-Little Andaman.
Sarkar, Sabita Ranjan
On the Study of Primitive Art in India.
BULLETEIN OF THE CULTURAL RESEARCH INSTITUTE, 7(1-2),
1968: 89-97
Primitive Art; Primitive Art in India; Anthropology; Tribal Art.
Mukerji, Sankarananda
Folklore of the Sundarban Tribes.
BULLETEIN OF THE CULTURAL RESEARCH INSTITUTE, 8(1-2),
1969: 97-100
Tribes-Sundarban; Folklore; Tribal Folklore; Folklore
Sundarban Tribes; Anthropology; Tribal Art and Recreation
Koppar, D. H.
Tribal art and its place in the enthnological museum.
THE EASTERN ANTHROPOLOGIST, 29(1), 1976: 91-99
Tribal art; enthnological museum.
Lochan, Pramila
The Kitab-I-Nauras: An Aesthete's Tribute
KALA-THE JOURNAL OF INDIAN ART HISTORY CONGRESS, 3, 1996:116-118
Aesthetics; Art-Indian-History; Kitab-I-Nauras-Poetry-
Ibrahim Adil Shah II-Aesthetic tribute.
Bora, D K
The Wood Carvings of the Wanchos of Arunachal Pradesh.
KALA-THE JOURNAL OF INDIAN ART HISTORY CONGRESS, 4, 1997:86-88
Art-Indian-History; Tribal Art-Wanchos; Art-Wood Carving; Wood Carvings-Wanchos-Arunachal Pradesh.
Sisodia, Vishnudev N.
"Pancvi" the magicio: Religious art of the Varlis
THE EASTERN ANTHROPOLOGIST, 16(1), 1963: 47-52
Varlis tribe; religious art; Pancvi.
Aryan, Subhashini
Tribal art: Visual expressions of vivid tales
DISCOVER INDIA, 4(7), 1991: 10-13
Tribal art; Indian art.
Aryan, Subhashini
Expressions of tribal genius.
DISCOVER INDIA, 6(2), 1993: 46-49
Art-Himalayan tribes; craft-Himalayan tribes; tribal art-Himalaya.
Annapurna
Traditions and newer traditions.
DISCOVER INDIA, 11(12), 1998: 26-29
Tribal art-India; tradition-painting art.
Mohan, Kumud
A German tribute.
DISCOVER INDIA, 11(12), 1998: 72-74
Indian art; museum-Indian art-Berlin.
Chakravorty, Padmini
Social Structure of the Tribals of Tripura as reflected
through their Dances.
FOLKLORE, 228, 1979(February): 31-39 Vol 20 (2).
Folklore; Folk-Tribal Social Structure-Tripuri Tribe-
Dance; Folk-Dance-Social Structure-Tribe-Tripura; Folk
Dance-Social Structure-Tribe-Tripura; Folk Art-Dance-
Tripura Tribe-Social Structure.
Cranstone, Bryan
Three 'tribal art' sales.
ANTHROPOLOGY TODAY, 3(1-6), 1987: 19-20
Silver, Harry R
Beauty and the "I" of the Beholder: identity, asthetics,and social change among the Ashanti
JOURNAL OF ANTHROPOLOGICAL RESEARCH, 35(2), 1979(Summer):191-207
Anthropology; Tribal Identity; Tribal Visual Art- Modern Developments; African Tourist Arts; Ethnography;
Triabal Art-Modernisation-Ashanti; Ashanti; Tourist Art;Tribal Study; .
Aryan, Subhashini
Tribal art of India.
INDIAN AND FOREIGN REVIEW, 22(19), 1985: 23-26
ribal art-India; art.
Maiti, Sameera
Tribal arts and crafts: A study among the Tharu of Uttar Pradesh
INDIAN ANTHROPOLOGIST, 31(2), 2001: 69-74
Anthropology; tribal arts; tribe-Uttaer Pradesh; craft art-Tharu-Uttar Pradesh; Tharu-Uttar Pradesh.
Jain, Jyotindra
Tribal crafts, and the case of Mohammed and the mountain.
THE INDIA MAGAZINE, 4(3), 1984: 74-75  Art; craft.
Jain, Jyotindra
Painted myths of creation: The art and ritual of a Indian tribe
THE INDIA MAGAZINE, 5(2), 1985: 20-29
Tribal art; art-tribe-India; ritual-tribe-India;tribals.
Control No. : 57630
Chakraverty, Somnath
Wall embellishments: Tribal murals of Chhotanagpur
THE INDIA MAGAZINE, 6(2), 1986: 22-27
Tribal murals-Chhotanagpur; tribal art; art; paintings tribals-Chhotanagpur; wall paintings.
Tiwari, Jyotsna
Beliefs, traditions, needs...: Perpetuating the rural art of terracotta
THE INDIA MAGAZINE, 6(5), 1986: 62-64
Rural art; art; terracotta; tribal art.
Patil, Manisha
Bastar wood work.
THE INDIA MAGAZINE, 7(4), 1987: 36-40
Craft; wood work-Bastar; tribal art-Bastar.
Hrahsel, Zothanpari
North eastern tribal art.
THE INDIA MAGAZINE, 7(7), 1987: 78-85
Art; tribal art-north east.
Das, A. K.
A Naga warrior's mask: A dilemma of authenticity
THE INDIA MAGAZINE, 11(12), 1991: 82-83
Tribal art; Naga mask; mask.
Das, A. K.
Commercialisation of tribal art.
THE INDIA MAGAZINE, 12(3), 1992: 80-81
** Tribal art.
Thiagarajan, K. M.
Tribal art: Beyond the mask of civilisation
THE INDIA MAGAZINE, 12(4), 1992: 18-31
** Art; tribal art-India; tribals.
Nath, Tribhuvan
A prophetic world.
THE INDIA MAGAZINE, 13(9), 1993: 54-61
Art; S. S. Bhatti, painter.
The magical script.
THE INDIA MAGAZINE, 14(7), 1994: 52-59
Art; tribal art; art-Hill Korwa.
Tribal magic.
INSIDE OUTSIDE, 186, 2000: 36-37
Tribal art; interior decoration.
Dimitriadis, George
Hellenic rock art: State of art, open questions and new paradigms
MAN IN INDIA: A INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF ANTHROPOLOGY, 88
(2-3), 2008: 449-458
Hellenic rock art; rock art.
Geismar, Haidy
What's in a price?
JOURNAL OF MATERIAL CULTURE, 6(1), 2001: 25-47
Art market, auctions, price, tournament of value, tribal art.
Ghosh, Asok K . and Chakraverti, Somnath Genesis and change of tribal art- examples from west
Bengal.
INDIAN MUSEUM BULLETIN, 23-24, 1988-1989: 136-141
Oberoi, R. C., Sharma, A. K. and Sharma, S. K.
Environmental limitations, socio-economic status and
constraints of tribal economy in outer Himalayas - a
study of pangi.
JOURNAL OF HUMAN ECOLOGY, 5(1), 1994(January): 63-67
Environment, socio-economic structure, agriculture,
technology.
Tag, Hui, Das, A .K . and Pallabi, H .
Botanbical resources used in triditional wood carving
industry among the wancho tribe of Arunachal pradesh.
INDIAN JOURNAL OF TRADITIONAL KNOWLEDGE, 7(1), 2009
(January): 148-156
Traditional woodcarving industry , Botanical
resources, wancho community, Arunachal pradesh.
Gogoi, N . K .
Glimpses of social reality throuh tattoos of the wanchos
of Arunachal Pradesh.
JOURNAL OF INDIAN ANTHROPOLOGICAL SOCIETY, 41(03), 2008
(November): 291-297
Features of this issue.
KALORI: ROYAL SOUTH AUSTRALIAN SOCIETY OF ARTS JOURNAL,
26(2), 1988: 1-8
Mukherjee, Meera
Gharuas: A metal artisan group and their art
MAN IN INDIA, 54(4), 1974(Oct. - Dec.): 287-303
Annapurna
Traditions and bewer traditions.
DISCOVER INDIA, 11(12), 1998(December): 26-29
Tribal Art; Warli Painting; Painting; Gond-Painting;
Wall Painting; .
Mohan, Kumud
A german tribute.
DISCOVER INDIA, 11(12), 1998(December): 72-74
Indian Art; Traditional Art; ancient art.
Elwin, Verrier and Datta, Sudhindranath
The tribal art.
MARG, 5(4): 30-34
Tribal; tribal art; .
Imam, Bulu
Cultural spatial concepta implicit in tribal art and
identity in Hazaribagh district.
MAN IN INDIA, 73(2), 1993(June): 163-172
Jain, Jyotindra
Commercializing tribal art.
SEMINAR, 412, 1993(December): 43-44
Imam, Bulu
Tribal India speaks.
SUNDARAM: A MAGAZINE ON CONTEMPORARY ART, 2(2), 1989: 5-8
Art.
Abidi, Tanveer
Folk and tribal art.
SUNDARAM: A MAGAZINE ON CONTEMPORARY ART, 3(5-6), 1990: 37-38
Chakraverty, Somnath
Indigeenous tribal art: Strategy for consevation and promotion
JOURNAL OF SOCIAL ANTHROPOLOGY, 6(1-2), 2009(Jan. - D
ec.): 87-102
Loxley, Anne
Khovar dreamings: Contemporary tribal art in South Bihar,India
ART ASIA PASIFIC, 18, 1998: 36-41
Art; Tribal art-Bihar.
Thomas, Nicholas
Islands of history: Reflections on two exhibitions of
Torres Strait islander culture
ART ASIA PASIFIC, 27, 2000: 70-77
Art; Tribal art-Torres Strait; Art-Torres Strait.
Schemes to preserve and promote tribal art and culture.
TRIBAL RESEARCH BULLETIN, 20(1), 1998(March): 37-38
Tribal development; Tribal arts; Tribal culture; art
and craft-tribes; .
Shukla, Shubhalakshmi
Bastar's adivasi women and their art.
MARG, 56(2), 2004(December): 62-65
Art-Bastar; Tribal art-Bastar.
Sharma, Anjali and Sharma, Promila
Handloom weaving - state of art of tribes of kullu
valley, Himachal Pradesh, India.
STUDIES OF TRIBES AND TRIBALS, 7(2), 2009(December):
115-118
Craft; Woven; Shawls; Fabrication; Trade; Multinational..
Schemes of the Bihar state govt. submitted to tthe govt. of
India under art. 275 of constitution of India: For the
uplift of scheduled tribes during 1952-53
VANYAJATI, 1(3), 1953(July): 72-74
** Tribal development-Bihar.
Chakraverty, Somnath
Cultural configuration of rock art in Jharkhand: A
holistic approach.
PURAKALA: THE JOURNAL OF ROCK ART SOCIETY OF INDIA
(RASI), 11-12(1-2), 2001: 109-112
Nzunguba, Ibio
Portee socioartistique et magico-religieuse d'un art du
corps: La rondelle on bois inseree dans la levre de la
"Congolaise a plateau"
ANTHROPOS: INTERNATIONAL REVIEW OF ETHNOLOGY AND
LINGUISTICS, 102(2), 2007: 389-401
Jain, Jyotindra
Sundaribai: Speaking with clay.
INTERNATIONAL GALLERI, 7(1), 2004: 39-44

Tribal Art & Craft – Books

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Channa , Subhadra
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The Art & Crafts of Kondhs.-- Bhubaneswar: Council of
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Borgohain, H.
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Sarupa Saurabhamrt: Tributes to Indology Prof. Lakshman
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Topno, Sem
Musical culture of the munda tribe.-- New Delhi: Concept
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Indian Artisans:Social Institutions and Culture Values.--
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Theory and practice: essays presnted to gene weltfish.--
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Fuchs, Stephen
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Smith W. C.
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Jerath, Ashok
The splendour of Himalayan Art and culture.-- New Delhi:
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Towards a cultural policy.-- Delhi: Vikas Publishing House.
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Das, S.T.
Tribal Life of North- Eastern India.-- Delhi: Gian
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Sharma, Vijay Prakash
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Tribal development and socio-cultural matrix.-- Delhi:
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Bose, Nirmal Kumar
Tribal life in India.-- New Delhi: National Book Trust.
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Barua, S. N.
Tribes of Indo - Burma Border ( a Socio - Cultural
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Baveja, J.D.
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Hasan, Amir
A Bunch of wild flowers and other articies.-- Lucknow:
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Russell, R.V.
Tribes and castes of the Central provinces of India.--
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Kalita, Dhaneswar
Traditional performances of South Kamrup.-- New Delhi:
Gian Publication House. x,82 p.: ill. p

Skeen, Andrew
Passing it on: short talks on tribal fighting on the
North West frontier of India.-- New Delhi: Bhavana books
& Prints. 136p.

Chandorker, Manoj S.
Haemoglobin & our tribes: a state of art on tribal health
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Majumdar, D.N.
An introduction to social anthropology.-- New Delhi:
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Vidyarthi, L. P.
Contribution to the development of anthropology.-- New
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India: specially published for the festival of India in the
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Agrawala, P.K.
Study in Indian iconography.-- Jaipur: Publication Scheme
158p.: ill. p

Tribal art: primitivism and modern relevance.-- Bhubaneswar
: Working Artists Association of Orissa. 120 p.: ill p

Tiwari, Jyotsna
Traditions of terracotta art in Madhya Pradesh.-- Delhi:
Pratibha Prakashan. xxiv, 116p.: ill. p

Welch, Stuart Cary
India: art and culture, 1300-1900.-- New York:
Metropolitan Museum of Art. 477 p.: plates p

Goodall, Edward A.
Sketches of Amerindian tribes 1841-1843.-- Guyana:
British Museum. 88 p.: ill. p

Koppar, D. H.
Tribal art of dangs.-- Baroda: Department of Museums.
xx,166 p.: ill. p

Gillon, Werner
Collecting African art.-- London: MaCmillan Published.
viii, 183p.: Col. ill. p

Fagg, William
Tribes and forms in African art.-- London: Methuen. 122
p.: plates p

Kruta, Venceslas
Celts of the West.-- London: Orbsis. 128 p.: plates;
maps

Anton, Ferdinand
Pre-Columbian art and later Indian tribal arts.-- New
York: Harry N.Abrams Inc. 264 p.: plates; maps

Fagg, William
Tribal image: wooden figure sculpture of the world.--
London: Trustees of the British Museum. 100 p.: ill. p

Cooper, Ilay
Traditional buildings of India.-- London: Thames and
Hudson. 192 p.: paltes p

Frozen tombs: the culture and art of the ancient tribes of
siberia.-- London: British Museum Publications. 102 p.:
plates p

Tribal arts and crafts: Madhya Pradesh.-- Ahmedabad: Mapin
Publishing. 142 p.: plates; maps

Pal, M. K.
Crafts and craftsmen in traditional India.-- New Delhi:
Kanak Publications. xxiii,348 p.: plates p

Ghosh, D. P.
Mediaeval Indian painting eastern school: 13th century
A.D. to modern times including folk art.-- Delhi: Sundeep
Prakashan. 155 p.: col. plates p

0pie, James
Tribal Rugs: nomadic and village weavings from the near
east and central Asia.-- London: Laurence King. 328 p.:

 


Tribal art and Handicrafts.-- Delhi: Bharatiya Adimjati
Sevek Sangh. 12 p.

 

Tribal Handicraft.-- Delhi: Bharatiya Adimjati Sevak Sangh.
12 p.

 

Tanavoli, Parviz
Kings, heroes and lovers: pictirial rugs form the tribes
and villages of Iran.-- London: Scorpion Publishing. 303
p.: col. plates p

 

Great carpets of the world.-- London: Thames and Hudson.
377 p.: col. ill.; map

 

Kalita, Dhaneswar
Traditional performances of South Kamrup.-- New Delhi:
Gian Publication House. x,82 p.: ill p

 

Bhavnani, Enakshi
Dance in India: the origin and history, foundations, the
art and science of the dance in India-classical, folk and
tribal.-- Bombay: D. B. Taraporevala Sons. xxvi,261 p.:
col. plates p

 

Bhavnani, Enakshi
Folk and tribal designs of India.-- Bombay: Taraporevala.
75 p.: plates p

 

Nepal past and present: proceedings of the France-German
conference arc-et-senans, June 1990.-- New Delhi:
Sterling. viii,377 p.

 

Dash, Shreeram Chandra
Orissa.-- New Delhi: Publications Division. 91 p.

 

Maitra, Kiranshankar
Nagaland: darling of the North-East.-- New Delhi: Mittal.
xi,168 p.: col. plates p

 

Uttaranchal Himalaya:
anthropology,archaeology,art,botany,economics,geography,g
ology,history and sociology.-- Almora: Shree Almora Book
Depot. 342 p.: ill.; maps

 

Aspects of the heritage of Assam: a souvenir.-- Gauhati:
Indian History Congress. 104 p.: plates p

 

Hutton, J.H.
Chang language grammar and vocabulary of the language of
the chang Naga tribe.-- Delhi: Gian Publishing House.
vi, 120p.

 

Das, A. K.
Tribal art and craft.-- Delhi: Agam Kala Prakashan. 190
p.: plates p

 

IMAM
Bridal caves a search for the adivasi khovar tradition: a
study of the wall painting art of the tribal woman of
hazariba.-- New Delhi: INTACH. xxv,159 p.: plates p

 

Tribal art.-- London: Sotheby's. 124 p.: col. plates p

 

Russell, R.V.
Tribes and castes of the central provinces of India.--
Delhi: Cosmo. 4v.(426; 540; 259; 608) p.: ill.: map

 

Dongerkery, Kamala S.
Jewelry and personal adornment in India.-- Bombay: Vikas.
77 p.

 

Stagnation, retrograde change or positive progress?:
vignettes from the journey of the OBC communities in the
process of change in India.-- New Delhi: Serials
Publications. xiv,431 p.

 

Tribal Religion And Economic Life.-- New Delhi: Cosmo
Publications. 316 p.

 

Indigenous vision: peoples of India attitudes to the
environment.-- New Delhi: Sage & India International
Centre. 304 p.

 

Dalmia, Yashshodhara
The painted world of the Warlis: art and rituals of the
Warli tribes of Maharashtra.-- New Delhi: Lalit Kala
Akademi. 239 p.

 

Proceedings of the Indian Art History Congress, 4th
Session, Patna, 1996.-- Guwahati: Indian Art History
Congress. 211p.:Plates p

 

Giri, Anup Kumar
Flowing Heritage: an artist's journey into life of the
tribes.-- Kolkata: Anthropological Servey of India.
32p.+ col. ills p

 

Mahapatra, Sitakant
The Awakened Wind : the oral poetry of the Indian Tribes.
-- New Delhi: Vikas Publishing House. x, 322p.: ill p

 

Elson, Vickie C.
Dowries from Kutch: a women's folk art tradition in India
-- Los Angeles: Museum of Cultural History, University of
California. 127 p

 

A monograph on Silk fabrics : produced in the North-Western
Provinces and Oudh.-- Allahabad: North-Western Provinces
and Oudh Government Press. 107+maps

 

Tribal arts and crafts of Madhya Pradesh.-- Ahmedabad:
Mapin Publishing Pvt. Ltd. 144 p.

 


Elwin, Varrier
Tribal art of Middle India

 

Sadanandam, P.
Art and culture of marginalised Nomadic tribes in Andhra
Pradesh.-- New Delhi: Gyan publishing house. 211 p.

 

Rural India: Vision and action.-- Delhi: Vista
international publishing house. 25 vol. . p

 

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