05/06/2013

Tamang shaman dance ritual Nepal song

Tamang

shamans ritual and song

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21/04/2010

INDIAN MASKS AT NATURAL HISTORY MUSEUM OF NEW YORK. THE ART OF INDIAN ASIA, Heinrich Zimmer. ALS DIE GOTTEN NOCH JUNG WAREN MASKEN UND SKULPTUREN AUS DEM HIMALAYA. Pierre Zink Eric Chazot.

ETHNOFLORENCE

INDIAN AND HIMALAYAN FOLK AND TRIBAL ARTS

2008 2016
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WESTERN NEPAL

THE ARCHETYPIC ICONOGRAPHY OF AN ARTISTIC LIVING TRADITION III

Photo courtesy of  Paulo Grobel

http://ethnoflorence.skynetblogs.be/post/7824367/autres-m...

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See more on http://ethnoflorence.skynetblogs.be/post/7824367/autres-m...

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MASKS OF THE HIMALAYAS

Old fragmentary nepalese mask
(Inventory no. 114)

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Himalayan male mask
(Inventory no 51)

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Old Nepalese male mask
(Inventory no 46)

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Ethnoflorence Himalayan photo Archive

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INDIAN MASKS AT NATURAL HISTORY MUSEUM OF NEW YORK

ETHNOFLORENCE INDIAN AND HIMALAYAN  PHOTO ARCHIVE.

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 Mask of Ravanna, demon ruler of Lanka, the enemy of Rama in the Ramayana, it's used in the RAMILLA, a cycle of plays based on Rama's life. North India 20th century.

2 Shadow puppet of goatskin, representing Rama. Andhra Pradesh, 20th century.

3 Three dimensional figures of Rama, Lankshmane (Rama's brother) and Sita are used in the Dashahara festival for the Ramilla. Delhi, 20th century.

4 Figure of a Lambadi woman from Gujarat performs a tribal dance with a copper vassel balanced on her head. 20th century.

5 Indian folk painting used in Rajastan by a traveling bard as background while he recites, dances and mimes the story of the hero Pabuji Rathore. The painting depicts scenes from the hero's life. Mewar, Rajastan, late 19th century.

6 Cloth hangings with woodblock designs show Brahma, patron of the theather, and his consort Sarasvati, patroness of music. Andhra Pradesh, 20th century.

7 In the basket are Rajasthani marionettes used to tell stories of the Rajput princes, of knightly exploits, and of loves lost and found. Rajasthan early 20th century.

8 Peacock feather crowned headdress of the Pootham actor, used by Perawannams of South India, involves a very formal and difficult theater tradition. South Malabar 20th century.

9 Chhau mask of Ravanna, demon king of Lanka, enemy of Rama. State of Seraikella , Bihar 20th century.

10 Chhau mask of Durga, consort of Siva, State of Seraikella , Bihar 20th century.

11 Chhau mask of Ganesha, son of Siva, State of Seraikella , Bihar 20th century.

12 The Nandi Bull of Siva, polychrome wood. Bombay early 20th century.

13 Mask representing Chandama, paper machè, Varanasi, 20th century.

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THE ART OF INDIA

 its mythology and transformations, Heinrich Zimmer,  completed and edited by Joseph Campbell with photographs by Eliot Elisonfon and others, Pantheon Books.

022023

 

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Ethnoflorence Indian and Himlayan library.

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NEPALESE FIGURE

(Inventory no 3)

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Ethnoflorence Indian and Himalayan photo Archive

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TAMANG SHAMANIC KIT

SEE MORE ON http://ethnoflorence.skynetblogs.be/post/7598651/tamang-s...-

 courtesy of BILL MARSH collection; B/W pics courtesy of Josh Lustig   http://www.joshlustig.com/; text courtesy of Italo Bertolasi  from "Jhakri uomini con le ali" Nepal 1971, written  for the exhibition "Viaggi a Oriente"  http://www.italobertolasi.com/viaggioriente.htm  and http://www.italobertolasi.com/index.html.

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Courtesy of Bill Marsh

SEE MORE ON http://ethnoflorence.skynetblogs.be/post/7598651/tamang-s...-

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PIERRE ZINK

-ALS DIE GOTTEN NOCH JUNG WAREN
MASKEN UND SKULPTUREN AUS DEM HIMALAYA

QUAND LES DIEUX ETAIENT ENCORE JEUNES
MASQUES ET SCULPTURES DE L'HIMALAYA

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Catalogue of the September 2002 exhibition at Museum of Ritterhaus Offenburg of Mr Pierre Zink Himalayan Art collection.

Text by Mr Pierre Zink (introduction) and Mr Eric Chazot.

Among  the different chapters of the catalogue: L'art chamanique de l'Himalaya (Shamanistische Kunst im Himalaya); Le chamane et ses instruments de pouvoir (Der Shamane und seine Macht-Instrumente); Le dhyangro (Die Dhyangro); Le phurbu (Der Phurbu); Sculptures de protecteur (Skulpturen der Schutzgottheiten); Les instruments de musique (Die Musikinstrumente); Le masques (Die Masken).

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RICHARD LAIR COLLECTION

 A SENSITIVE SELECTION

SEE MORE ON

http://ethnoflorence.skynetblogs.be/post/7615096/richard-...

 

courtesy of Richard Lair.

Nepalese shaman pictures courtesy of    Josh Lustig   http://www.joshlustig.com/; Vincent Van den Berg http://web.mac.com/vincentvandenberg/shi/Index.html , Manishakya http://www.flickr.com/photos/manishakya/  Arts Premiers Collection Bruxelles http://sanza.skynetblogs.be/ , undated nepalese post card.

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SEE MORE ON

http://ethnoflorence.skynetblogs.be/post/7615096/richard-...


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17/02/2010

NEPAL SHAMANS, pictures from the very early 70's. PREPARING A CHAM DANCE. THE TRADITIONAL DANCE OF THE TRIBAL RAUTE PEOPLE OF NEPAL.

ETHNOFLORENCE

INDIAN AND HIMALAYAN FOLK AND TRIBAL ARTS

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2008-2016

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NEPAL SHAMANS

pictures from the very early 70's

Photo courtesy of

KRISHNA S  BEUTEL

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Photo KRISHNA S  BEUTEL

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Courtesy of Krishna S.Beutel

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--PREPARING FOR A CHAM DANCE IN KORZOK VILLAGE, TSOMORIRI

TEXT AND PICTURES COURTESY OF TRAVEL LUST WORDPRESS

http://ihavetravellust.wordpress.com

A high Lama visited the village of Korzok at Tsomoriri and they decided to perform a Cham dance only the day before. The Cham dance or Masked dance is only performed by the monks and suppose to give merits to the audience, the monks are dressed in beautifully made ornamental costumes and masks of animal deities.

I happened to intrude into the preparations for the cham dance while everyone else including some annoyingly irritating Indian photographers and some other rich European photographers with huge camera set-up waiting in the courtyard for the performance. The monks were kind enough to let me stay on and photograph them dressing up for the dance. The whole preparation was amazing, everyone calmly went about dressing up, the other monks and villagers helping out, dressing the monks in their beautifully intricate costumes.

The feeling I got from this event : well its more genuine and provincial, more real compared to the other large events that is happening in the other places.

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Courtesy of  Travellust Word Press http://ihavetravellust.wordpress.com

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MAMOIADA

A LIVING TRADITION

AN ICONOGRAPHIC COMPARISON

-MAMOIADA (ITALY)

 In collaboration with the MUSEO DELLE MASCHERE MEDITERRANEE di Mamoiada (Italy).

COMING SOON

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Photo Courtesy  of  MUSEO DELLE MASCHERE MEDITERRANEE di MAMOIADA.

http://www.museodellemaschere.it/

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THE TRADITIONAL DANCE OF THE TRIBAL RAUTE PEOPLE

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The nomadic hunter and gathering Raute people struggle to survive, but fiercly protect their ancient lifestyle in the western forests of Nepal.
Courtesy of Knut-Erik Helle  http://keh.nu/

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Kings of the Forest: The Cultural Resilience of Himalayan Hunter-Gathers , by Jana Fortier, University of Hawaii Press, 2009.

A hunter-gatherer society is one whose primary subsistence method involves the direct procurement of edible plants and animals from the wild, foraging and hunting without significant recourse to the domestication of either.

"There is no need for us to live like you."

The Raute people of the Karnali and Makahali regions of Western Nepal is a nomadic indigenous ethnic group, which population is estimated in around 650 persons, their language is classified as Tibeto-Burman, closely related to the one spoken by two related ethic groups, the Ban Raji and Raij , the closest documentated language to the Raute is probably the Chepang, spoken by this ethnic group of West-Central Nepal. Officially recongnized by the Nepalese Government, the Raute are known for their life-subsistence linked with the  hunting of  macaque, langur monkeys, bats, porcoupine, and the gathering of wild forest tubers, fruits, and greens. To obtain grain, iron and cloths they trade handmade typical wooden bowls and boxes to the local farmers. The Raute however don't sell other products of the forest, bushmeat or forest medicinal plants.

In the present  world  this last  primitive hunter-gatherer society  living in the monsoons rainforest of Western Nepal  struggles with the  deforestation and encroachment, language loss, political domination by surrounding communities.  The book explores how this ethnic group is tryong to maintain its traditional way of life .

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RICHARD LAIR COLLECTION

A SENSITIVE SELECTION

http://ethnoflorence.skynetblogs.be/post/7615096/richard-...

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See more on http://ethnoflorence.skynetblogs.be/post/7615096/richard-...

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NEPAL SHAMANISM AND TRIBAL SCULPTURE

-NEPAL. SHAMANISM AND TRIBAL SCULPTURE, Christian Lequindre, Marc Petit.

In collaboration with NEPAL TRIBAL ART

see more on:

http://ethnoflorence.skynetblogs.be/post/7575469/nepal-ch...

and

www.nepaltribalart.com 

-About the Authors of  NEPAL. SHAMANISM AND TRIBAL SCULPTURE:

-MARC PETIT

 Writer and collector, he has donated a collection of masks from Nepal to the Musée des Arts Premiers Quai Branly, Paris. 

Among his books:

- « A Masque découvert, regards sur les arts primitifs de l’Himalaya », Stock, 1995.

- « La Statuaire archaïque du Népal occidental », Renaud Vanuxem, 2006.

-« Le Masque de la Chine », Musée Jacquemart André, Actes Sud, 2007.

-CHRISTIAN LEQUINDRE 

Photographer and collector, he has been resident in Nepal since the 1980s.

He carried out multiple field studies between 1995 and 2005 and produced three documentaries on different masks traditions in Nepal.

He has also directed the Annapurna Gallery in Paris from 1989 to 1995.

Publisher: Infolio

http://www.nepaltribalart.com/index.asp?p=100

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19/01/2010

NEPAL SHAMAN ART. TAMANG SHAMAN KIT, BILL MARSH COLLECTION.Faces of Devotion, Indian Sculpture From the Figiel Collection. On view April 10, 2010 to January 16, 2012 Peabody Essex Museum, Salem (MA).

ETHNOFLORENCE

INDIAN AND HIMALAYAN FOLK AND TRIBAL ARTS

13620892_1332690906744532_5228107378786638546_n.jpg

2009

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NEPAL 

SHAMANISM AND TRIBAL SCULPTURE

Christian Lequindre, Marc Petit.

9782884747059[1]

In collaboration with NEPAL TRIBAL ART 

see more on:

http://ethnoflorence.skynetblogs.be/post/7575469/nepal-ch...

cc

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and

www.nepaltribalart.com

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MUSEE DE LA CASTRE

NEW ROOM

-MUSEE DE LA CASTRE, CANNES, FRANCE, Himalayan Classic, Folk and Tribal Arts new stuff.

Musee de la castre of Cannes

 

ETHNOFLORENCE Indian and Himalayan Folk and Tribal arts photo Archive see more on :

http://ethnoflorence.skynetblogs.be/post/7544841/musee-de...

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TAMANG SHAMAN KIT

BILL MARSH COLLECTION

- TAMANG SHAMANIC KIT, courtesy of BILL MARSH collection; B/W pics courtesy of Josh Lustig   http://www.joshlustig.com/; text courtesy of Italo Bertolasi  from "Jhakri uomini con le ali" Nepal 1971, written  for the exhibition "Viaggi a Oriente"  http://www.italobertolasi.com/viaggioriente.htm  and http://www.italobertolasi.com/index.html.

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"...La gente dell'Himalaya sa che le foreste sono abitate da uomini selvaggi.

Ci sono le tribù dei Kusuda e dei Chepang, scoperte dagli antropologi pochi anni fa, ma anche i Ritte Jhakri, neri e pelosi, che vivono con i Suna Jhakri, acquanauti dal pelo fulvo e dorato.

Consiglio di evitare i Latho Jhakri, muti e pazzi, mentre è un dono divino l'incontro con i Bon Jhakri, nani e vegetariani, verdi e caritatevoli, che insegnano le arti sciamaniche.

Di notte, vicino al fuoco e ai monti più alti della terra, ho incontrato più volte chi mi giurava d'esser stato educato da queste creature dei boschi e come prova mi mostrava i regali ricevuti: pietre sonanti, cristalli e strane reliquie antropomorfe fatte di pelo e radici intrecciate. 

Per sopravvivere allo sterminio e a una caccia a streghe e demoni che mi ricorda quella della nostra inquisizione, molti sciamani si sono dovuti mascherare con liturgie indù e buddiste.

Lo sciamano è un uomo coraggioso, un viaggiatore e un mistico che sfida l'ignoto e il mistero dell'esistenza. E' un uomo straordinario che riesce a curarsi da dolorose malattie iniziatiche e da laceranti crisi esistenziali che lo strascinano al limite della follia. E' un artista che inventa psicodrammi e danze estatiche per rinsaldare il gruppo e perpetuare così i miti del Clan. E' uno psicologo contadino che ristabilisce l'equilibrio armonioso tra il "dentro" e il "fuori", tra il corpo e l'anima, tra l'uomo e dio. E' un medico e un erborista che conosce le piante maestre e pscichedeliche, un econauta in viaggio nella natura selvaggia in compagnia degli animali eletti a spiriti guida.

Col "volo magico", il viaggio interiore,scopre il ritmo vibratorio e le forme dell'Universo. Sale in Paradiso e scende con coraggio nel regno della Morte, la Terra del Grande Ritorno.

Noi, viaggiatori verso Oriente, li abbiamo scelti come maestri del viaggio...".

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Among the pieces of this Shamanic kit, the interesting iconography of the phurbu and dhyangro handle is comparable with some pieces exhibited in the 2007 Francois Pannier exhibition of Paris.

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Photo courtesy of  Arts Premiers Primitive Art Collection Bruxelles.

And with some items recently exhibited in the Musee de la Castre of Cannes.

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The shamanic 'mirror' from an iconographic view point an unique piece.

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HIMALAYAN SHAMANIC DRUMS IN THE DRUM MUSEUM COLLECTION

- HIMALAYAN  SHAMANIC STUFF OF THE DRUMMUSEUM COLLECTION . Courtesy of Drummuseum
http://www.drummuseum.com/Navigation/Himalaya/index.asp?h...,  Shaman pics photo courtesy of Mariarosa Genitrini http://www.nepalese.it/ .

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-Faces of Devotion, Indian Sculpture From the Figiel Collection. On view April 10, 2010 to January 16, 2012  Peabody Essex Museum, Salem  (MA)

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-ETHNOFLORENCE EARLY HIMALAYAN ARCHIVE, UNDER CONSTRUCTION, COMING SOON.

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01/02/2009

NEPALESE SHAMANS. A VOYAGE IN THE SOUL TRANCE, ECSTASY AND HEALING WITH THE PHOTOS OF JOSH LUSTIG.

ETHNOFLORENCE

INDIAN AND HIMALAYAN

FOLK AND TRIBAL ARTS

2009

SELECTION

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ON THE HOLY ROOT OF KALINGCHOK NEPALESE SHAMANS

A VOYAGE IN THE SOUL TRANCE, ECSTASY AND HEALING WITH THE

PHOTOS BY JOSH LUSTIG.

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Texts and photos kindly courtesy   Josh Lustig   http://www.joshlustig.com/

 

An interesting anthropological study on the history and formation of the shamanic rituals and practices found in the Nepalese Himalayan region is edit on 'Mountain Cults  Sailung, Kalingchok, Gosainkund : Territorial Rituals and Tamang Histories'  by Gabriel Tautcher.

 AN EXORCISM

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This was our first meeting with the shamans and Jun girl, the oldest shaman in the district, seen in a blur to the left ... we were invited to Jun girl's house to witness him attempt to remove a spirit from this woman ... ever since she was 14 she has been possessed by a masculine and destructive spirit that inflicts her with migraine-like headaches which stop her eating sleeping and caring her family ... she has been to regular doctors who can find nothing wrong with her ...

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She began shaking pretty much as soon as she sat down, and as Jun girl put on his shamanic robes the shakes and wails intensified ... like all the other attempts Jun girl has made to exorcise this destructive spirit, the attempt we saw was unsuccessful ... the spirit refused to give up it's name, and without the name of the spirit Jun girl could do nothing ... we were told that when the girl was 14 she was taken to a shaman in a neighbouring district who did a bad job ... after each session the pain is relieved for a while, but it will inevitably return.

INTO THE FOREST

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As we moved off the mountain paths and truly into the forest the atmosphere changed ... the shamans became more animated and the drumming became more intense.

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At certain  points in the forest the shamans would stop and dance in a circle ... building up into a frenzy of drumming and jumping, it would suddenly stop and the shamans would keep moving.

A CALLING

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A little way into the forest is the site where the thami people cremate their bodies ... it has been in this spot for as long as anyone can remember and has seen a good few pires ...

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The shamans drummed and danced on top of the concrete platform in preparation for the calling of the spirit ... Jun girl (firefly), plays a horn made from a human thigh bone.

MAKING WICKS

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Making cotton wicks to be burned in the oil lamps.

THE DRUMS

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Shamanic Dhjangro double face drum.

HAT AND DRUM

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Porcupine head dress and drum hang outside Jun kiri's house.

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Shaman.

PREPARING THE SHRINE

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Banana leaves, rice, eggs, flowers, money, incense, tika and all regalia that make up the shamans ritual dress are placed within the shrine before the spirits are called.

THE OFFERING

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In this picture we can to recognize some of the shamanic paraphernalia, the ritual vase called bumba, the porcupine hat, the double sided drum Dhjangro. Interesting the view of the offerings. 

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Shamanic  trunk  with bumba. (Photo Ethnoflorence, Ethnoflorence Himalayan Archive)

JUN KIRI (THE FIREFLY)

 

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At 87 years old and little more than five foot, Jun Kiri, the head shaman of Suspa, had something of yoda about him ... he first arrived at his home to find us having been waiting for three hours ... he was so drunk he could barely walk ... and yet, once the robes were on and the ritual began, he was transformed into a jumping sprightly child... .

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Father and son.

INSIDE

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Within the womb of Jun Kiri's home.

BACK OF JUN KIRI'S HEAD

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The Jun Kiri's "to-the-feet" dred tied up in a knot.

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Inside the house ... warm quiet dark and dark.

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Dance, dance, dance.

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Dance, dance.

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Dance.

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Wait.

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Move, from one place to another.

BEFORE THE ROCK

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Ambrit ... the most powerful of the shamans whom we walked with to KALINCHOK, seeks solace from a granite rock along the path from Suspa ... 

THE APRENTICES

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This was not their time ... Gopi and Akal.

SOON THEY WILL BE HERE

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At the burning site.

TAKING SHELTER

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As darkness descended.

ASCENT

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... and then we began the journey up to KALINGCHOK, through desolate forests and across rivers that screamed alongside the shaman's drums.

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Eagles claw.

HEAD AMA

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She was the boss of us all ... and also had an incredible singing voice.

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Family.

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Ama.

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Ama.

FAMILY

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All the shamans travelled to KALINGCHOK with their family ... Akal and Gopi with their mothers. 

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Bells of KALINGCHOK.

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Sun ra.

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Om nama shivay.

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Himal.

KALINGCHOK

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Smoke, tika, rice and blood mingle in the first morning light.

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Bell light.

 

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Kuri.

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Shamans.

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Shaman.

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Ambrit Thami.

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Not here ...

SONG

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Their songs all centred around the constant sorrow and suffering of life ... short refrains were sung in close harmony, wrenching at your heart, and always returning to the same chorus ... 

 

You gave me water to quench my thirst ...

but what will you do for my desires?

You gave me shoes to walk the mountain ...

but what will you do for my desires?

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Trisul.

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Sun head.

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Whispers.

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Peacock.

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Ambrit, Gopi and Akal at the top of Kalinchok.

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These women, wives of the shamans of Suspa, sang the whole time we were walking ... the most amazing sorrowful tunes.

COMING DOWN

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Ambrit and his wife walk down the hill from Kalingchok.

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Ambrit and his wife throw me a pose.

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It was about an hours walk up to the shrine ... we left half four to get to the top for sunrise ...

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This little spot was where we stopped to have breakfast after climbing up to Kalingchok ...

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Down the mountain.
 
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Drums.
 
AMBRIT BLOWS THE HORN
 
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A horn made from a human thigh bone is played by one of the senior shamans, Ambrit Thami.
 
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The Kali shrine.
 
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Sundance.
 
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Walking around the shrine.
 
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Giving praise to Kali.
 
WORK IN PROGRESS

21/08/2008

Nepalese Shamanic Art. Arte sciamanica Himalayana.Work in progress

ETHNOFLORENCE

INDIAN AND HIMALAYAN

FOLK AND TRIBAL ARTS

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HIMALAYAN SHAMANIC ART

(ENG)Himalayan  Shamanic Art. (FRA) Art and Shamanism de l'Himalaya. (ITA) Arte e sciamanismo della regione Himalayana. (GER) Shamanic Himalajakunst. (work in progress)

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Nepalese Shaman . Photo Courtesy  Daria Corrias

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The double sided membrane drum Dhyangro is the peculiar, indispensable, and one  of the most important, pharaphernalia of the western nepal  shamans. More on http://ethnoflorence.skynetblogs.be/post/6909408/dhyangro...

About the ritual shamanic dagger 'phurbu'  see more on http://ethnoflorence.skynetblogs.be/post/7008506/ethnoflo...

"...La gente dell'Himalaya sa che le foreste sono abitate da uomini selvaggi. Ci sono le tribù dei Kusuda e dei Chepang, scoperte dagli antropologi pochi anni fa, ma anche i Ritte Jhakri, neri e pelosi, che vivono con i Suna Jhakri, acquanauti dal pelo fulvo e dorato. Consiglio di evitare i Latho Jhakri, muti e pazzi, mentre è un dono divino l'incontro con i Bon Jhakri, nani e vegetariani, verdi e caritatevoli, che insegnano le arti sciamaniche. Di notte, vicino al fuoco e ai monti più alti della terra, ho incontrato più volte chi mi giurava d'esser stato educato da queste creature dei boschi e come prova mi mostrava i regali ricevuti: pietre sonanti, cristalli e strane reliquie antropomorfe fatte di pelo e radici intrecciate. Per sopravvivere allo sterminio e a una caccia a streghe e demoni che mi ricorda quella della nostra inquisizione, molti sciamani si sono dovuti mascherare con liturgie indù e buddiste. Lo sciamano è un uomo coraggioso, un viaggiatore e un mistico che sfida l'ignoto e il mistero dell'esistenza. E' un uomo straordinario che riesce a curarsi da dolorose malattie iniziatiche e da laceranti crisi esistenziali che lo strascinano al limite della follia. E' un artista che inventa psicodrammi e danze estatiche per rinsaldare il gruppo e perpetuare così i miti del Clan. E' uno psicologo contadino che ristabilisce l'equilibrio armonioso tra il "dentro" e il "fuori", tra il corpo e l'anima, tra l'uomo e dio. E' un medico e un erborista che conosce le piante maestre e pscichedeliche, un econauta in viaggio nella natura selvaggia in compagnia degli animali eletti a spiriti guida. Col "volo magico", il viaggio interiore,scopre il ritmo vibratorio e le forme dell'Universo. Sale in Paradiso e scende con coraggio nel regno della Morte, la Terra del Grande Ritorno. Noi, viaggiatori verso Oriente, li abbiamo scelti come maestri del viaggio..." "Jhakri uomini con le ali" Nepal 1971, text by Italo Bertolasi for the exhibition "Viaggi a Oriente"  http://www.italobertolasi.com/viaggioriente.htm , courtesy Italo  Bertolasi http://www.italobertolasi.com/index.html.

 

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Nepalese Shaman. Photo courtesy Daria Corrias

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Himalayan funeral, River burial, Junbesi, Solu Khumbu, Nepal.

 "... This is the Himal lowlands, only 14,000 foot peaks. That means no sky burials. The lehk (highlands) are mostly for grazing Dzomo, a yak / cow hybrid. Traditionally, the Sherpa cremate their dead. The deceased, on the right of the this picture, was not a community member. She arrived on her way to see a lama in a nearby village for healing. She died overnight. She had no money to pay for the firewood for a proper cremation so they bought her down the nearby river, tied her to a large stone and rolled her in. If we realized was going on, we would have bought the wood. we were observing (my wife is sitting and watching in the background of the photo) and were very suprised to see that the fire the village shaman built by the river was only for burning incense. As for the body, we returned to this spot a month later and there se was, perfectly preserved in the icy river..." Photo and text courtesy    FRANK WARD CULTURAL VISIONS http://www.culturalvisions.com/newsite/static.html )

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ON THE HOLY ROOT OF KALINGCHOK. NEPALESE SHAMANS. A VOYAGE IN THE SOUL TRANCE, ECSTASY AND HEALING WITH THE PHOTOS OF JOSH LUSTIG see more on http://ethnoflorence.skynetblogs.be/post/6674515/nepalese...-

  Interesting and rare shamanic quintuple bells in bronze,  four  shamans  in namaste posture are placed over of the little four bronze bells.

 A piece with a similar iconography was edited in the feature : "Art and Shamanism in the Himalayas" http://www.tribalarts.com/feature/himalayas/index.html#23  ( by Eric Chazot and Jean-Pierre Girolami on Tribal Art V 1:1/ 2000) ,  for a comparation see http://www.tribalarts.com/feature/himalayas/23.html  and http://www.tribalarts.com/feature/himalayas/19.html  for an unique shamanic quintuple bells on wood.

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Namaste posture view detail.

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Detail. Another comparation is possible with two Shamanic quintuple bells edited on the recent book "Art Chamanique Népalais - Nepalese Shamanic Art" by Marc Gaborieau, Michael Oppitz, Jean-Cristophe Kovacs et Francois Pannier de la Galerie Le Toit Du Monde( pag.146)  Paris  http://www.letoitdumonde.net/actualites/index.html .

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Detail. For a comparation with the iconography of the Western Nepal primitive sculpture see   http://ethnoflorence.skynetblogs.be/post/6166203/4-tharu-...   and   http://ethnoflorence.skynetblogs.be/post/6958870/15-weste...  

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Detail. About the exhibition devoted to the Nepalese Shamanic Art the last Dicember in Paris see http://sanza.skynetblogs.be/post/5317642/masques--arts-tr... and http://sanza.skynetblogs.be/post/5322803/masques--arts-tr... (Courtesy Arts Premiers-Primitive Art Primitif Collection Bruxelles)

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For  a long time attribuited to the shamanic context, the tribal masks of the Nepalese Middle Hills are still today a really mystery, as for their effective context of use.

About a  "Shaman ritual at bad death"( Himalayas 26 February 1990 )f http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=wr2959HS2mA .

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This small mask from the minimal  character and style, but at the same time characterized from an extraordinary expressive force is not a facial artifact, but a small mask that came attacked to the neck or the chest. The ritual or quite shamanic  context of this small and unique mask cannot be excluded.
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Also this anthropomorphic stick introduces problems of attribution as for its effective function and use. Examining the dark patina of the stick, mails low regarding the barycentre of the artifact one, was maybe used for being up and so to be visible also in the middle of a crowd to a moltitude of person. The back side of the primitive frontal face is empty, it could be a reliquary of an important ancestors, a powerfull object; the ritual, and maybe devotional, use, sights the characteristics of the artifact one is sure, that more strictly shamanic one does not give to exclude.
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Shamanic item.

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Bumba.

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Dhyangro, typical shamanic drum. About this kind of artifacts read the interesting writing by Michael Oppitz "The matamorphosis of a Ritual object" on "Art Chamanique Nepalaise-Nepalese Shamanic Art"    http://www.letoitdumonde.net/actualites/index.html .
 
About the  (pae) three day Gurung memorial ritual for the dead, performed by two types of Shaman and filmed in the village of Chachock see on http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Yvp5LV8yVeg .
 
 
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Detail.   See an  Interview with a nepalese medicine man on: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=9OzvRroiRMk .
 
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Dhjangro Drum-stick.
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Small Dhyangro.
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Dhyangro, Chepang people.

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WORK IN PROGRESS