27/09/2012

BENGT FOSSHAG RABAB, SARANGI, SARINDA AND RELATED INSTRUMENTS

BENGT FOSSHAG

RABAB, SARANGI, SARINDA AND RELATED

INSTRUMENTS

*

EXTRACT FROM

THE TRIBAL ARTS

A

CROSS CULTUAL HERITAGE

NUMBER

0

 ethnoflorence.skynetblogs.be/archive/2012/09/07/the-tribal-arts-a-cross-cultural-heritage1.html

*

Text and Pictures courtesy 

of

Bengt Fosshag

All Rights Reserved 

*

The common characteristic of these types of lutes is the fact that the body and the neck form a joint sound box.

Their body

is covered with skin, their neck locked by a thin wooden to permit playing.

Home of the rabab are

South Asia, Afghanistan, Yemen and North Africa.

Under the name of Rebec, it also existed in Europe for a short period of time.

 

   01 3241.jpg

Quanbus, a rabab from Yemen

02 3220.jpg

Rabab from Marocco

*************

The RABAS from Afganistan, Pakistan and India are club-shaped like the instruments mentioned above, however they clearly show identical indentations on each side. 

Indentations, extensions, incisions or belt are characteristic for this type of lutes in India and the Himalayan region.

The neck of the Afghan rabab contains additional pegs for the aliquot strings.

 

03 9368.jpg

04 9379.jpg

05 9830.jpg

06 9829.jpg

 

Rabab from Afghanistan, offering extensions between neck and body as well as additional pegs in the neck area.

The Rabab from Nepal and adjacent areas is called

DAMYEN

There is a wide variety of bodies, likely related to local  ethnical peculiarities.

The peg box is particulary remarkable because, in contrast to the already mentioned instruments it shows an opening to the rear.

  

 07 9641.jpg

08 9715.jpg

 09 9785.jpg

010 9653.jpg

DSC_9695beaklein.jpg

 

The Chikara is a bowed lute.

I's morphology is comparable to that of the rabab, altough this instrument has a neck open to the rear.

This offers the advantage of easily attaching all strings to the pegs, in contrast to the Afghan rabab where it's difficult to attach the strings.

According to the same principle, the saranghi is built.

However, this instruments looks more squared.

 

011 2911.jpg

 012 2917.jpg

Sarangi, the neck open to the rear is clearly visible..

012 9467.jpg

Sarangi, small old instrument.

The peg box is shaped like an open mouth.

**********************

The

Sarinda

shows the same principle of bisetion, too.

However, one part is not covered by wood but remains open.

With the Sarinda these two parts constitute the body to which a massive neck is attached.

If figures are mounted to the Sarinda they are most easily seen from the side.

 013 3011.jpg

Sarinda from Afghanistan.

DSC_3031beaklein.jpg

 Sarinda

from Nepal,

characteristically this instrument shows a peg box open to the rear.

015 9605.jpg

016 9806.jpg

 

Sarinda from Nepal and Orissa 

(India)

*

 

The Dhodro Banam

is a

Sarinda.

 

The body is bisected, the lower part covered by skin, the upper part remains open. 

 

This instrument appears to be more slim, however, the open part does not show the crescent form. Verier Elwin made this lute of the Santal popular in the mid 20th century.

 

Today,  

 

it is called Santal lute. 

 

However, it has to be kept in mind that various Adivasi and other population groups in India and Nepal play these instruments, too.

The dhodro banam is perceived in an anthropomorpous manner, ideally as a human figure shown with arms, legs, breasts and everything else.

 

 017 9412.jpg

Dhodro Banam in ideal presentation as a fully formed human body.

To shape the head the pegbox was left open the rear to show the upper part of a human body in a plastic way the opening was turned to the rear.

The deptiction on the box of the Banam seems to be an extremely important element for the players and their audience because it often constitutes one third of the instrument.

 

 DSC_9281beaoFußklein.jpg

 

This clearly depicts the mighty structure.

One side of the head shows the hair knot which can be attached to the back of the head.

The Santal

still have another type of lute,

the

HUKA BANAM

not related to the Sarinda at all.

It's held similar to the violin and not like a cello as the Dhodro Banam is held.

Again one tries to give this type a human structure.

019 9337 DSC_9343beaklei.jpg

 019 9340.jpg

 

HUKA BANAM

With the Dhodro Banam the neck is used like a neck

while the neck of the Huka Banam has to be kept between the legs.

ABSTRACT:

THE TECHNICAL POSSIBILITIES OF THESE LUTES WITH THEIR VARIATIONS CONSTITUTE THE

BASIS

FOR THE CREATION OF A WIDE RANGE OF DIFFERETLY DESIGNED INSTRUMENTS BY LOCAL ETHNICAL GROUPS.

************

 

*********

 

***

Commentaires

Hallo,de nice views,des gunstug poewe 2003,merci.

Écrit par : nike pas cher | 21/07/2013

Hallo,deutschland nice views,des gunstug poewe 2004,merci.

Écrit par : clarsonic mia | 21/07/2013

Hallo,de nice views,des gunstug poewe 2003,merci.

Écrit par : nike pas cher | 21/07/2013

Hallo,deutschland nice views,des gunstug poewe 2012,merci.

Écrit par : ugg pas cher | 21/07/2013

Hallo,germany nice views,des gunstug poewe 2012,merci.

Écrit par : ugg boots sale | 21/07/2013

Les commentaires sont fermés.