01/08/2008

21 Dhodro Banam, Santal Banam, Santal People lutes, anthropomorphic lutes, Indian Tribal Art. With a writing of the French Artist Fernandez Arman 15 liuti tribali antropomorfi dei Santal del Nord India.

 ethnoflorence photo archive santal

"Santhal poetry is Santhal life; Santhal life is Santhal poetry"  (Archer W.G.  The Hill of Flutes: Life, Love and Poetry in Tribal India, New Delhi, S. Chand & Co (Pvt) Ltd 1974).

.

.ethnoflorence photo archive santal banam 3 f.a


About the Oral Tradition and Primal Elements in the Santhal Musical Texts see the interesting writing  by Mr Onkar Prasad  on http://ignca.nic.in/ps_01014.htm .

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About these  musical instruments see the interesting feature "The Lutes of the Santal" by Benght Fosshag on: http://www.tribalarts.com/feature/santal/ .

ethnoflorence photo archive santal banam 5f. fr.v.dt.

Other  informations also on http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Santal_music and correlated links.

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Read also on "Instruments de Musique Des Santal et Des Ho" Francois Pannier Galerie Le Toit Du Monde (http://www.letoitdumonde.net/) , Imprimerie Union, Paris 1991.

ethnoflorence photo archive santal banam zoomph. det.

 About the Santal tribal  Art see also:  http://ethnoflorence.skynetblogs.be/post/6268451/28-santa...  at the moment the first and  only full screen selection of  ancient  Santal wedding litter panels of the web.

ethnoflorence photo archive santal banam palkee det.

 and  http://ethnoflorence.skynetblogs.be/post/6163132/4-tribal... .

An interesting selection of Santal Parganas Scroll paintings is edited by Hervé Pedriolle on http://santalparganas.blogspot.com/ .

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See also other Santal Banam of  the Arts Premiers - Primitive Art Collection of Bruxelles  on : http://sanza.skynetblogs.be/post/6241521/art-et-musique-d... 

dhodro banam  santal 10d

and http://sanza.skynetblogs.be/post/6250339/art-et-musique-d... ( important and famous the liute n. 10,  understanding  quality).

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A Santal banam  from the collection of the Ranchi Museum, Ranchi Jharkhand its  recently edited on the new and interesting web site of the National Consortium of Tribal Arts and Cultures http://www.tribalartsmuseums.org/nctac.html (online  exhibition - Musical instruments)

DP110972[1]

Banam of Metropolitan Museum of Art New York

Object Name
Dhodro Banam

Date
2nd half 19th century

Geography
India

Culture
Santal group of Munda people

Medium
Wood, hide, gut, metal

Dimensions
Overall: 18 x 15.9 x 89cm (7 1/16 x 6 1/4 x 35 1/16in.)

Credit Line
Purchase, Clara Mertens Bequest, in memory of André Mertens, 2004

Accession Number
2004.360

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Frontal view.  

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N1 Top frontal view.  Monumental Style of the Santal sculpture. The same style, iconography,  and  frontal monumentality that we can find in some of the oldest and beautifulst wedding panels of the Santal Parganas tribe.  For a style comparation see the unique group of 27 items edited by Ethnoflorence  http://ethnoflorence.skynetblogs.be/post/6268451/28-santa... (work in progress).

See also on http://www.tribalarts.com/feature/santal/f11.html and http://www.tribalarts.com/feature/santal/f12.html .

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N1 3/4 Top detail.  Dark wood with red reflexes of patina, from gaulic tree. 

 The Santals believe in the magical powers of this musical instrument, a medium between the human beings and the supernatural.

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N1 Back side top detail.

The Banam resume in its various parts the anatomy of an human being: head, ears, neck, chest and stomach.

The string is the most important part of the instrument, because it unites the other parts of the liute together, it's considered as the breadth of the Banam.

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N1 Side A detail.

The Head (Bonok) of the instrument represents the Space. Neck (hatok) and chest (koram) are directly connected with the Respiration and represents the equivalent natural element of the Air. The stomach (lac) represents the fire. The ears (lutur) the ether. The term banam means body and represents the earth.

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N1 Carved box detail.

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N1 Lower frontal view.

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N1 Back view with traces of use and red patina.

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Back below view, interesting the detail of an old and original restauration of the lute (in the same wood of the lute).

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N 1 bis. Exceptional the museal quality of this artifact. Courtesy Arts Premiers Collection Bruxelles, the item is  edited ( photos 9 and 11 ) in the catalogue of the exhibition "Instruments des  Santal et des Ho", curated by Francois Pannier in Paris (may 17- June 8 1991). This ancient dhodro banam is of the same hand of another banam of the New Delhi Museum, collected by Elwin Verrier. Another banam of the same stylistic group was edited by Bengt Fossag in the feature "Le luth des Santal" on Art Tribal- Automne 1996 (Figure 9 page 66)

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N1 Bis. For a comparation see http://www.tribalarts.com/feature/santal/f9.html .

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N1 bis Back top view.

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N1 bis detail view.

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N1 bis Exceptional  patina of the banam.

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N1 bis back side view.

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N2 Frontal view

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N2 Top view.  Three dancers, dressed with a Sari, analogous subject we can find again or in some old photos of Elwin Verrier that in some wedding panels of the Santal Parganas tribe. 

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Detail of a Santal parganas panel, the iconographic comparation it's evident. (Ethnoflorence Collection) more on http://ethnoflorence.skynetblogs.be/post/6268451/28-santa... .

 About the exhibition :" Palkee: Wedding Conveyances of North India" at the Crocker Art Museum of Sacramento (216 O street, CA 95814 USA)  see  also the really interesting link:  http://www.crockerartmuseum.org/exhibitions/exhib_pages/P... .

 

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N2 3/4  Top view. The rigid frontal, really minimal but at the same time also geometrical (see the verticality style of the face) and monumental style of the Santal sculpture it's evident in this photo. This style remember me some works of Henry Moore of the 40's. The African plastic tribal styles influenced the western art of the vanguard at the beginning of the century; personally I think that the Indian tribal styles was at that time of the same equally interesting, did not have the lucky to stay in the right place (Paris) and in the right moment (first years of 900s).

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N2 3/4 top view detail side B.

"...un viele Sarangi, venant du Santal, nom en soi, evocatour. Sa presence et sa personnalité nous interpellent. Ce petit chef-d'oeuvre de sculpture  attire notre regard au fond du sien.  C'est bien ici l'example d'un objet  d'artisanat, échappant a son usage pour acceder a l'intemporal".
Pierre Fernandez
   Arman - Armand (Nice November 17, 1928, NYC October 22 2005) on  ( "Voyages Immobiles Trente ans d'Aquisitions d'Art Primitif du Musée de la Castre" about an "viele sarangi - ethnie Santal, Nord Est de l'Inde" number Inv. 991.21.1. of the Cannes Museum (achat en 1991). The web-address of the Official Website of Arman is  www.armanstudio.com/ - 10k - 

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N2 Back side view detail.

To understand better the personality of Fernamdez Arman like artist  as well as tribal art collector  see the interesting exhibition catalogue "Africarmania: Arman et l'Afrique" (Pierre Nahon-Arman) http://www.ladifference.fr/fiches/livres/africarmania.htm...  or   www.amazon.ca/Africarmania-Arman-lAfrique-Pierre-Nahon/dp/2729114319 - 81k .

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N2 Frontal detail view.

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N2 Frontal detail view.

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N2 Another frontal detail view.

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N2 Back side view.

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N2 Interesting the detail of the fish, carved in a primitive style, on the lateral surface of the lute.

 

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2 bis.  Courtesy Arts Premiers Collection Bruxelles.

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2 bis. Dancers in  frontal and monumental posture. Courtesy Arts Premiers Collection Bruxelles.

 

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N 2bis Top back side view.

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N 2 bis Top frontal view detail.

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N2 bis Top back exceptional detailed view.


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 N2 bis Top back  detail view.

 

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N3 Frontal view.

 

A "Viele monocorde", Nom vernaculaire : "dhodro banam" , is in the Collection of Musée du Quai Branly of Paris  under the N° inventaire : 70.2007.48.1.  See more on http://www.culture.fr/recherche/?typeSearch=collection&am... .

Another interesting piece is in the collection of the Metropolitan Museum of Art in NYC.

The National  Museum of New Delhi has a large collection of musical instruments, from folk to classic, one famous antropomorphic Santal banam of this collection was edited by Stella Kramrisch in "Unknown India Ritual Art in Tribe and Village". http://www.nationalmuseumindia.gov.in/collection.html

The piece that I prefer is the Dhodro Banam of the Musée de la Castre of Cannes.


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N3 Top view.

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N3 Top view detail.

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N3 Side A top view. The style of this sculpture on the top of the lute it's really primitive. Raiders are common also in the iconographic style of the Santal panels.

ethnoflorence photo archive santal palkee dt.

N3 Same subject in a Santal Parganas panels. http://ethnoflorence.skynetblogs.be/post/6268451/28-santa...

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Side B top view.

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N3 Side B, interesting the antrophomorphic style of the lute.

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N3 Side B view detail.

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N4 Frontal view.

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N4 Top view detail. Dancers dressed with Sari. Interesting the primitive style of the face, minimal but really expressive

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N4 top side view. From the side view the geometric primitive and minimal  style of the carved face of one of the dancer, it's more clear ... really understanding.

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N4 3/4 Top side view.

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N4 Another frontal view.

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N.4  Primitive carving on the frontal surface of the lute.

 

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N4 bis Top frontal view. Courtesy Arts Premiers Collection Bruxelles.

 

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N4bis Top frontal view detail.

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 N4bis frontal  back and side view.

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N5 Frontal view of the carved couple on the top of the lute.

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 N5 Top frontal view detail.

Immagine 037N5 N5 3/4 top side A view detail.

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N5 Back top side view detail.

 

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N5 bis Top frontal view. Courtesy Sanza Art Premiers Collection Bruxelles.

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N5 Bis 3/4 back side view. See the stylistic detail of the hair and comapare it with the item n6.

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 N5 Bis Back, frontal and side view.

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N6 Frontal view. 

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N6 Frontal view top detail.

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N6 Top side A view.

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N6 Another side A detail view.

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N6 top back side view detail.

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N6 Frontal carved box view.

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N6 Frontal below view.

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N6 side view, exceptional dark-red patina.

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N6 Back side view.

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N7 exceptional and unique from an stylistic view point  antropomorphic lute of the Santal  with five figures carved on the top. 

 "...The Santal ... carve their one-stringed lutes ... sometimes in the shape of woman ... transfiguring the resonance of the instrument into rotundities known from Hindu sculpture and brought to the tribal level by the simplifications and distortions demanded by the shape of the instrument. The prophetic head with its far-seeing inlaid eyes, traversed at the back by the tuning keys as a kind of
ear-ornament, carried aloft on a neck of ordinate lenght, is a noble mask. Through its thin lipped mouth a god may speak - as he
does through the  dance mask of another tribe, the Bhuiya...Arms and hands closely hug the curved plane of the sounding-box body
whose firmness is enhanced visually by the broad collar of the necklace....Sound and mask, the prophetic voice which speaks
through mask and instrument, link auditory and visual experience in one manifestation of the numinous." Stella Kramrisch "Unknown India Ritual Art in Tribe and village" Philadelphia 1968.

 

Immagine 049

N7 Top side view. Great patina, museum quality sculpture.

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N7  Frontal face view.

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N7 top detail view.

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N7 top detail view.

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N7 top detail  view.

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N7 top detail view.

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N7 top detail view.

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N7 top detail view.

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N7 top detail view.

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N7 carved box frontal view.

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N7 carved box frontal view.

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N7 side A view.

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N7 side A detail view.

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N7 side A view.

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N7 side A view.

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N7 side A view.

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N7 side B view.

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N7 top side B view detail.

 

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N7 bis. Top frontal  and side view. Minimal and  really strong tribal style of the two faces. Courtesy Arts Premiers Collection Bruxelles.

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N7 bis back front and side  view.

 

Immagine 068N8

N8 frontal view.

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N8 top drontal view.

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N8 top side view.

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N8 top side view.

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N8 frontal view.

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N9 frontal view.

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N9 top frontal view.

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N9 3/4 top side view.

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N10 back top side view.

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N11 back side view.

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N11 back top side view detail. 

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N11 back musical box view. 

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N11 Side A view .

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N11 Top side A view detail.

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N11 Side A detail view. 

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N11 Side A detail view. 

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N11 Top side A view detail.

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N11 Side B view. 

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N11 Side B view detail. Exceptional red patina of the wood.

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N11 Side B view . Original restauration detail. 

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N11 top frontal view detail. Exceptional state of usura and patina.

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N11 Top frontal view detail.

 

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N11 bis top frontal  and side view. Courtesy Arts Premiers Collection Bruxelles.

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N11 bis frontal,  side and back view.

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N11 bis detail view.

 

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N12 Frontal view.

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N12 frontal view detail. 

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N12 Frontal view detail. 

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N12  3/4 Side view detail.

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N12  3/4 Top side view detail. 

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N13 Frontal view. 

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N13 Top frontal view.

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N13 3/4 Top side view. 

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N13.

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N13 Frontal view detail.

 

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N13 bis fronta and top frontal view detail. Courtesy Arts Premiers Collection Bruxelles.

 Immagine 101

N14 Frontal view.

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N14 Top frontal view detail.

Immagine 103

N14 3/4 Top side view. 

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N14 Back top view detail. 

 Immagine 001

 

N15 frontal view. Carved in a primitive manner this lute has a face carved on the top.

 

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N15 Top face frontal view detail.

 

Immagine 003

 

N15 Top face side A view detail.

 

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N15 Top face side B view detail.

 

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N15 Another top frontal view detail.

 

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N15 Frontal view. Interesting the red/dark  patina of the liute, more clear in the follow photos.

Immagine 006

 

N15 Side A view.

 

Immagine 007

 

N15 Side B view.

 

Immagine 008

 

N15 Frontal view.

 

Immagine 009

 

N15 Side A view.

 

Immagine 010

 

N15 Side B view.

 

Immagine 011

 

N15 Frontal view of the musical box.

 

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N15 Side A view.

 

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N15 Side B view.

 

 

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N15 Detail.

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N15 Detail.

Immagine 017

 

N15 Detail.

 

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N15 Base of the liute view.

 

Short Bibliography:

 

 

Bor Joep. The Voice of the Sarangi. Delhi: National Centre for the Perfoming Arts, 1987.

Charulal Mukherjea, The Santals. Mukherjea and Co editions, Calcutta, 1962.

Chattopadhyaya,  Kamaladevi. Tribalism in India. New Delhi, 1978.

Culshaw, W. J. Tribal Heritage; a Study of the Santals. London: Lutterworth Press, 1949.

Danieloud,  Alain. "Sudasien". Musikgeshichte in Bildern 1,4 (1978) and La Musique de l'Inde du Nord. Buchet-Chastel editions.

 

Dietrich, Would and Bengt Fosshag. Aussereuropaische lauten, Werkzeug und Kunstwerk, Frankfurt 1992.

Leuzinger, Elsy. Propylaen Kunstgeschichte. Die Kunst der Naturvolken. Frankfurt, 1978.

Mode, Heinz and Subodh Chandra. Indische Volkskunsy. Leipzig, 1984. Indian Folk Art. Leipzig/New York 1985.

Prasad Onkar, Santal Music. New Delhi, 1985.

 

 

Sachs Curt. Die Musikinstrumente Indiens und Indonesiens. Berlin & Leipzig, 1923.

Shirali, Vishnudass Sargam. An Introduction to Indian Music. New Delhi, 1977.

Verrier Elwin. The Tribal Art of Middle India. London 1951.

Santal musical instruments:

 TIRIO: A bamboo flute with seven holes, symbol of love and seduction it's the most popular in the Santal culure.

DHRODO BANAM: Bowed lute carved out a single log of wood.

PHET BANAM: Lute with three or four strings, the waist part of the instrument is completely covered by animal skin.

TUMDAK: Knowed also as MADOL, is a double faces drum with a body brunt clay.

TAMAK: Bowl shaped kettle drum.

JUNKO: Onomatopeic description of the sound of the anckle bells, cast in metal in the shape of buds and tied to the feet of dancers from where produce a rythmical sounds.

 

INDIAN  Classical and Tribal Musical Instruments List:

Agappai Kinnari Galad Rabab
Algoza Ghana Vadyas Ravanastram
Ayarkuzhal Gna Rudra Veena
Baghra Gopichand Saaz
Bamboo Trumpet Hudka Santoor
Bans Imbingi Sarangi
Bansuri Jalatarang Saraswati Veena
Been Jamidika Sarattai Vadyam
Been Baja Jhil Sarinda
Bhajni Veena Jya Satara
Bhangra Dhol Kabbas Saxophone
Bheri Kadae Seni Rabab
Buang Kahala Shankh
Budbudke Kamaycha Singa
Bugdu Kanaka Tappattai Siranda
Bulbul Tarang Kanjari Sree Mandal
Burburi Kanjira Sruthi Box
Chajj-Sota Kartal Stir Drum
Chandra Pirai Kasht Tarang Sundri
Chaturangui Khang Ling Sur Singar
Chhika Sap Khatam Surpeti
Chimta Khung Swarabat
Chitraveena Kombu Swarmandal
Chutki Kram Swarsangam
Cymbal Kudukka Veena Tabla Tarang
Daf Magadi Veena Tammki
Damaram Manjira Tar Shehnai
Danda-Sota Mashak Tarpa
Dappu Mattiyaan Jodi Tasha
Dhad Mukhavina Taus
Dhodro Banam Naal Thali
Dholak Nal Thanthi Panai
Dhumsa Nanduni The Harmonium
Dotara Narh The Tambura
Douroo Narsing Tokka
Duff Nissan Tudi
Duff Noot Tumbaknari
Duggi Tarang Noubat Tuntune
Dumbak Panchamukha Vadya Udkka
Dundubhi Panchamukhavaadyam Udukku
Ekadani Veena Patti Tarang Urumi
Fifli Pena Urumu
Gadva Pepa Vichitra Veena
Gagana Pungi Yazh

Work in progress...

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Commentaires

Collector I just wanted to thank you for sharing these images of the wonderful dhodro banam. I appreciate this site, these photos help me learn more about these rare instruments. Thank you very much, Alfred

Écrit par : Alfred Jaggi | 30/08/2008

Yemeni&Nepali lutes As I'm making a research on the ancient Yemeni lute qanbûs (or turbi),I strongly appreciated your e-exhibition of Nepalese lutes...splendid! By the way, I am convinced Yemeni and Nepali lutes (both kinds of tribal Santhal lutes as well as dranmyien)have a common origin. Please let me know if interested by Yemeni lutes pics and info...Thanks again
Sincerely

Samir Mokrani

Écrit par : Samir Mokrani | 15/11/2008

who are they? why they are always in two? May be for these people the number two is somehow sybolical? Indeed I suppose that in many cases they symbolise a man and a woman, a family so to say...

Écrit par : Ewan - Web Directory | 30/03/2009

Any idea where one could sell these? I'm working for a lovely lady who has four dhodro banams and is looking for suggestions on where and how to sell them. I was wondering if you'd be interested and/or could give us suggestions. We're out in Portland, Oregon but can ship anywhere. Check them out at:

http://suschu.com/?q=node-58-page
http://suschu.com/?q=node-60-page
http://suschu.com/?q=node-61-product
http://suschu.com/?q=node-62-page
http://suschu.com/?q=node-59-product

Écrit par : petepo | 19/10/2009

j'ai acquis un sarangi ou est ce un luth népalais dont la tête est un perroquet perché et il est retourné. La patine est noire assez belle. Avez vous déjà vu de tels instruments?Il aune centaine d'années

Écrit par : sbarberi didier | 31/10/2010

On en veut plus avec autant d'humour. Continuez.


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Forfait montage iPhone réparation iphone 4S. IPhone 3GS. IPhone 4. Remplacement Bouton Home de l'iPhone 4S. IPhone 4. Service client. accessoires

Écrit par : réparation vitre iphone 4 | 25/07/2014

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